Read the full paper: here
We study a continuum of photonic quasicrystal heterostructures derived from local isomorphism (LI) classes of pentagonal quasicrystal tilings. These tilings are obtained by direct projection from a five-dimensional hypercubic lattice. We demonstrate that, with the sole exception of the Penrose LI class, all other LI classes result in degenerate, effectively localized states, with precisely predictable and tunable properties (frequencies, frequency splittings, and densities). We show that localization and tunability are related to a mathematical property of the pattern known as “restorability,” i.e., whether the tiling can be uniquely specified given only a set of rules that fix all allowed clusters smaller than some bound.